A1 Plan, Sections and Perspectives

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Plan and sections of garden as seen in mid to late spring.

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Perspectives of garden as seen in mid to late spring.
Top left: through the bar doors out onto the patio and towards the weeping willow.
Top right: from beyond the stream, weeping willow on the left, over the bridge towards the lawn and the bar building.
Bottom left: from the front lawn, beside the eucalyptus, towards the patio, rockery and Willmott building.

Contemporary but natural.

Three distinct areas: step out from bar onto partially-roofed patio area, rockery and planted lawn area with seating that is movable but heavy enough to stump destructive drunk students; move through to large lawn area suitable for marquees for large events, or lying in the sun on warm days; further out paths lead off to lordship campus or towards the car park and wooded area, or across the stream to the weeping willow and bog planting, and bulbs in the spring.

Spring colour: Alliums and spring bulbs, blossom. Autum colour: Muhlenbergia capillaris. Winter colour: Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’.

Juxtaposition of different textures, sizes and shapes – for example, the weeping willow with its cascading downwards movement contrasted with the upwards-reaching of the eucalyptus – they are seen ‘next’ to each other when viewed from the patio.

Architectural planting: Alliums, weeping willow and clumping bamboos – Fargesia dracocephala ‘Rufa’ and F. robusta.

Dappled shade in late spring/early summer: Eucalyptus gunnii and Betula pendula (allowing sun in winter)

Auditory: bamboos and eucalyptus.

Fragrant rockery plants and blossom.

Patio made from octagonal paving modules – permeable as not fully interlocking. Would perhaps use a permeable filler in the gaps otherwise stiletto heels might get stuck.

Trellis along top of bar building to soften the facade.

Lighting: uplighting into trees to highlight form, size and texture at night. Appropriate colours for lights would need to be considered so as not to clash with the colours of the trunks and leaves. Spot lighting down from underside of overhanging roof. Possibility of small lamps at ground level along edge of patio and path to mark out edge. All lighting would be with solar energy in keeping with the brief’s guide for sustainability.

Model

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View from inside the bar, looking through the doorway towards the brook.

Exploring the model has really helped me to imagine the experience of being in the garden that I have designed, and the moods of each part of the garden are much closer to being tangible. Having seen the model, I am glad that I didn’t give in to the temptation simply to fill spaces that don’t have a great deal in them. I feel that the open spaces could be quite successful in encouraging relaxation in users of the garden.100_2657 100_2660 100_2661 100_2664 100_2665 100_2666As with the section elevations, the model serves in great part to demonstrate the importance of the trees in the design. They provide a verticality that would otherwise be in short supply. They are not symmetrical through any possible line of reflection, but neither are they placed at random. Each tree stands exactly where it is needed. For example, the weeping willow by the stream provides a focal point that draws attention from people in all three sections of the garden, and thus will hopefully draw them through each section as well. The trees in the marquee garden act as a permeable boundary and offer some shade in the summer as well as a frame for a marquee. The eucalyptus and silver birch on the small lawn offer a dappled shade in the spring and summer whilst allowing the sun to warm people in the winter. The tree beside the rockery acts as a partial frame to draw people through to the marquee garden, and partly to provide the sight and smell of spring blossom.

 

Perspectives

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This was an attempt at a view from the patio towards the bamboo and eucalyptus, but I just couldn’t get the perspective to look right, because of the corner where the bamboo joins up perpendicular to itself. I abandoned this viewpoint and decided that my third perspective would be a view from near the corner join of the bamboo, towards the patio and Willmott building.

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This first perspective was an early idea I had to include a free-standing artificial waterfall in the garden. I wanted a feature that would provide enough interest to draw people outside. I wasn’t able to justify the high cost and the risk to/from students, however, so I began thinking of alternatives. I eventually settled on a rockery. I think it could be very eye-catching and fairly unusual in clay-dominated Essex, and could be planted with fragrant plants. It could also be configured so as to offer alternative seating in dry weather, encouraging interaction of people with the garden. Although people might be tempted to climb a rockery, I think that the risk of falling is clear enough that people will climb with due care.

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Section Elevations

Garden9 Garden8 Garden6 Garden7These section  elevations show the importance of the trees in the planting for the garden. Evergreen trees provide year-long texture, form and colour and fragrance, and deciduous trees ensure seasonal variety, changing their colour, texture, fragrance and solidity of appearance. A variety of species encourages a greater biodiversity, and is more ecologically sustainable. From certain vantage points, including from the patio by the bar exit there is a juxtaposition of textures – coarse alongside fine; sizes – large and small; shapes – e.g. round beside conical or pyramidal; and gestures – e.g. cascading next to upreaching. Although the trees are planted asymmetrically, there is a certain balance achieved in the way they are grouped from each vantagepoint. The visual weight is equal on either side of each axis, and factors such as texture, size and shape are varied but harmonised – for example, seen from the patio, there is one large pyramidal fir tree on the right, and two smaller conical fir trees towards the left.

Designs for tree templates for use in elevations

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(X) oval; (E) round; (W) coarse texture, i.e., large leaves; (V) eucalyptus, very open; (Y) cone/teardrop fir; (U) silver birch.

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(C) weeping willow; (Z) vase/irregular; (D) oak/spreading; (F) pyramid fir; (A) open; (B) cone/teardrop fir.

I have created these designs to use as templates for my section elevations. I have chosen a variety of forms, textures and sizes to create interest through juxtaposition of dissimilar types.

I used some tree forms on the following website for inspiration:

https://www.dot.ny.gov/divisions/engineering/design/landscape/trees/repository/tree_forms_color%20copy_papyrus_rv.jpg

 

Permeable Paving

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Here I would use paving modules made from recycled materials – they could be artificial stone (precast concrete) made using previously used stone chipped into particles or waste stone from other products chipped into particles. Concrete is a reusable and recyclable material so it needn’t go to landfill if and when the site comes to be re-landscaped. It would be advisable to fill the gaps so that there is no risk posed to stiletto-wearers, but the gaps should be filled with a permeable substance to allow the patio itself to remain a permeable hard landscape.

I have simplified my form to that of an octagon, with shares the same angles but is a regular polygon. I have used the angles on a large scale in my design, but I would also like to use octagons themselves to create permeable paving for the hard landscaped surfaces.

Design and Design Brief

The client would like the garden for the college bar to be redesigned.

Must: have at least three separate areas; at least two entry points other than those through the building; be sturdy, durable and drunk-proof; be low maintenance and contemporary; avoid monotony and increase interest; provide space for outdoor events (both during the day and at night).

May: provide a secure area for events; increase access from the bar; increase interaction with the stream; provide shelter and/or a smoking area; use more lighting; have an outdoor bar in the summer; make use of recycled materials.

Must not: have large areas of gravel.

The designer would like the garden to feature forms with octagonal angles, recycled and sustainable materials, and year-round interest (but with less emphasis on the late summer since the staff and students will not be at the college during this time).Scan_04 Garden1